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Church & Rothko:


Mark Rothko, Browns and Blacks in Reds, 1957, oil on canvas, 91 x 60 inches (231.1. x 152.4 cm) © 1998 by Kate Rothko Prizel and Christopher Rothko.

Mnuchin Gallery, in collaboration with Michael N. Altman and Christopher Rothko, is pleased to present Church & Rothko: Sublime, a landmark exhibition mounted in a digitized, online experience and available for limited viewings by appointment beginning September 30th and continuing through Saturday, December 12th, 2020. Illustrating a lineage of affective color tensions between the Hudson River School landscapes of Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900) and the Color Field canvases of Mark Rothko (1903-1970), Church & Rothko: Sublime explores the aesthetic force of two American artists whoprobed the formal boundaries of the sublime.   

A preeminent painter in the nineteenth century, Frederic Edwin Church inscribed into his ethereal landscapes the astonishing spirituality inherent in the natural splendor of the Americas. He sought to express the rapture of the sublime in his paintings by reimagining and preserving the picturesque qualities of the natural world, during a time of rapid social change. Whether in the majestic presence of the Catskill mountains or the lush cradles of the South American tropics, Church articulated the sublime in his landscapes though delicately rendered details and divinely conceived expanses. 

The evocative power of the sublime was further manifested in the twentieth century in Mark Rothko’s abstract paintings. With a reconceived approach to the sublime following the destruction of the Second World War, Rothko purged from his works all representation and reference to the external world. He translated, instead, the awesome emotional potential at the core of the sublime into transcendent encounters with plains of bold, unburdened pigment. In deceptively simple overlays of gestured and expressive fields of color, Rothko conjures the sublime in physical and visual appeals to unmediated, emotional responses. 

Frederic Edwin Church, Marine Sunset (The Black Sea), 1881-1882, oil on canvas, 30 1/8 x 42 inches (76.5 x 106.7 cm). Michael Altman Fine Art & Advisory Services. 

Although separated by nearly a century and working under vastly different social conditions, Church and Rothko converge within the timeless sublime. Each artist, painting at the vanguards of American art, discovered innovative and compelling formal strategies to imbue the picture plain with psychological and reactive force. Church, with a radiant and atmospheric palette, and Rothko, with strikingly pure hues, both masterfully activate their compositions through intense, visually compelling interplays of color and form. The dynamic aesthetic and conceptual dialogues into which these two artists enter in Church & Rothko: Sublime, speaks to the enduring and resonating legacy of the sublime in American art history. 

Church & Rothko: Sublime brings together stunning examples of each artist’s engagement with the sublime at the height of their careers, including by Church, Marine Sunset (The Black Sea) (1881-82), Above the Clouds at Sunrise (1849), Coast Scene, Mount Desert (1852) and Oil Study for Cotopaxi (1861); and by Rothko, No. 1 (1949), Orange, Red, Yellow (1956) and No. 10 (1963). The exhibition will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue authored by Dr. John C. Wilmerding, the storied art historian, scholar and collector, whose career has transcended time, crossed over a plethora of disciplines, and left an indelible mark on the places he tenured, the volumes of people he mentored, and the art history he penned and articulated. Dr. Wilmerding’s accompanying essay has explored, defined, and made sense of this exhibition in a way only this great man could, and only his deep and combined knowledge of art history and his comprehension of the times in which it played out, made his explanation of this exhibit possible.

"I have been wanting to explore the connections between these two artists for some time, ever since I saw an unexpected yet fortuitous pairing: when Mark Rothko's Browns and Blacks in Reds was hanging in the gallery next to Frederic's Church's Marine Sunset (The Black Sea). Immediately, I knew there was something happening between the two paintings – the similarity in color, in tonality, and in emptional heft was unmistakable, and it was clear the two artists had much more in common than had ever been sufficiently explored."

- Robert Mnuchin

Charles Loring Elliot, Frederic Edwin Church, 1866, oil on canvas, 34 x 27 inches (86.4 x 68.6 cm), New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, Olana State Historic Site, Taconic Region. 1981.4

“[Church] has dealt with South American cascades as faithfully as with the flushed horizon of his native country, and we find a new mine of the picturesque, opened by his graphic hand. Seldom has a more grand effect of light been depicted than the magnificent sunshine on the mountains of a tropical clime, from his radiant pencil. It literally floods the canvas with celestial fire, and beams with glory like a sublime psalm of light.”

- Henry T. Tuckerman, Book of the Artists (1867) 

Portrait of Mark Rothko. Photo by Bettmann / Contributor / Getty Images. Artwork © 2020 by Kate Rothko Prizel and Christopher Rothko

“The most important tool the artist fashions through constant practice is faith in his ability to produce miracles when they are needed. Pictures must be miraculous: the instant one is completed, the intimacy between the creation and the creator is ended. He is an outsider. The picture must be for him, as for anyone experiencing it later, a revelation, an unexpected and unprecedented resolution of an eternally familiar need.”

- Mark Rothko 

Slideshow 1

Tom Powel Imaging.


Reproduction, including downloading of Rothko Artworks is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express permission of the copyright holder.

Requests for reproduction should be directed to Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

Tom Powel Imaging.

Reproduction, including downloading of Rothko Artworks is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express permission of the copyright holder.

Requests for reproduction should be directed to Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.